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Walking, as simple as it might seem, it is a very complex mechanical process we take too much for granted. Walking on soft surfaces was more common earlier in time and when having a closer look at the process of walking, feet are perfectly capable of walking on uneven surface. Since today most of the surface we walk on are pavements that are made out hard surfaces, if we had to walk bare foot on it, more compensation mechanisms occur. These compensation mechanisms can easily alter the way our muscoskeletal system works. Footwear was one of the adaptation that gave humans the ability to walk on hard surfaces easier and more efficiently. In some individuals long time exposure to hard surfaces might alter the mechanics of the way the foot functions with possibility of having symptoms in the foot, knees and even lower back in certain cases.

Since the human foot is such an intricate system made out of more than 26 bones each foot, functional foot orthotics can help in many different ways when specific areas of the foot need correction, accommodation or offloading.

If an individual needs a pair of orthotics for a specific issue, it is very important to consider the adequate footwear that is going to provide easier fitting and best results. Once adequate footwear is chosen the individual will undergo through a very detailed biomechanical assessment which checks ranges of motion of several joints, taking different measurements, assessing posture and other relevant clinical examinations. Once a biomechanical assessment is terminated, proper casting technique is needed to get the exact shape of your feet and later on custom made orthotic is then fabricated using different materials and designs. It is very important for every individual considering orthotics to get properly assessed by a qualified podiatrist and make sure to get the right kind of orthotics for our specific needs otherwise, one might end up with an orthotic which unfortunately will not have as much clinical value.